Roman Marble Trapezophoros: Marsyas
An ancient Roman marble upper section of a trapezophoros, an ornate table leg, in the form of the satyr Marsyas bound to a tree.
Ca. 2nd century AD.
In ancient Greek myth, the Satyr Marsyas was the central figure in two myths involving hubris and the Gods. In one version Marsyas found the double flute or aulos of Athena and played it. Which Athena took offense at. In the other, he challenged Apollo to a contest of flute playing and played so well that he enraged the god. Both versions end with Marsyas tied to a tree and flayed alive for his hubris.
Confer: A. Weis, The Hanging Marsyas and its Copies: Roman Innovations in a Hellenistic Sculptural Tradition, (Rome, 1992), nos. 12 (Cyrene), 18 (Izmir), 20 (Kos).
Formerly in an American private collection, 1980's.