Greek Bronze Chalcidian Helmet
An ancient Greek bronze helmet of the Chalcidian Type, with a carinated ridge around the top, rising to a point over the forehead. The curvilinear border undulates to conform to the cheeks, brow, and neckline, with a short nose guard and openings for the ears. An applique in the form of a Gorgoneion (a Medusa head) is attached to the top of the helmet.
Ca. 500-400 BC.
The Chalcidian type helmet began to replace the more restrictive Corinthian type helmet on the Greek battlefield in the 5th century BC. The Chalcidian helmet is characterized by its carinated design and diminutive cheek pieces that left the face exposed and provided openings for the ears. This helmet type was especially popular in Southern Italy in the Classical and Hellenistic Periods.
cf.: A. Bottini, Armi: gli Strumenti della Guerra in Lucania, (1993), pp. 135-136; E. Kunze et al., Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, VIII. Bericht über die Ausgrabungen in Olympia, (Berlin 1967), p. 145 ff., pl. 79, 80, 82. 2.
Formerly in a German private collection; Connecticut private collection.
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