Greek Bronze Inscribed Pilos Helmet
An ancient Greek bronze helmet of the Pilos type, of conical form with a recessed carinated band around the lower portion, with an inscription on the side, G L I.
Ca. 400-300 BC.
The Pilos (pilos) helmet, takes its name from the felt shepherd's cap whose form it replicates. This helmet type came into use during the later Peloponnesian War, replacing earlier more closed and restrictive forms like the Corinthian type. The Pilos was especially favored among Macedonian cavalrymen of the 4th century BC. The helmet appears prominently on Macedonian coinage of Alexander the Great and his successors.
Cf. R. Hixenbaugh and A. Valdman, Ancient Greek Helmets: a Complete Guide and Catalog, 2019, for Pilos type bronze helmets.
Formerly in the E. S. collection, Berlin, acquired in 1989 from a previous German collection.