Greek Bronze Helmet: Chalcidian Type
An ancient Greek bronze helmet of Chalcidian type, with a carinated upper section, hinged cheek pieces (now lacking), three tubular plume holders, a palmette over the crest and a repousse spiral behind the ear, a riveted ancient repair on the proper left side.
Ca. 500-400 BC.
The Chalcidian type helmet began to replace the more restrictive Corinthian type helmet on the Greek battlefield in the 5th century BC. The Chalcidian helmet is characterized by its carinated design and diminutive cheek pieces that left the face exposed and provided openings for the ears. This helmet type was especially popular in Southern Italy in the Classical and Hellenistic Periods.
Published: R. Hixenbaugh and A. Valdman, Ancient Greek Helmets: a Complete Guide and Catalog, 2019, cat. no. X347.
Formerly in the Axel Guttmann collection (1944-2001), Berlin, acquired in Krefeld, Germany in 1992 (inv. no. AG521/H174); subsequently United Kingdom private collection.