Roman Iron Spatha
An ancient Roman iron spatha sword blade with a long parallel edged blade tapering to a rounded point.
Ca. 3rd - 4th century AD.
By the 3rd century AD, the Roman gladius sword had been replaced with the considerably longer and more slender spatha type sword. The spatha was a slashing sword that could be employed by both mounted and infantry troops. It was worn suspended from a baldaric on the left side.
Cf.: Bishop & Coulston, Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome, (Oxford, 2006), pp. 154-155.
Formerly in the J. S. collection, Pennsylvania.